Secular-Religious Division in Israel: Concepts, Necessities, Dynamics and Changing Balances

Gurbanov E.

USBİK I Uluslararası Sosyal Bilimler Kongresi , Kayseri, Turkey, 31 January - 02 February 2018, vol.1, no.1, pp.246

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • Volume: 1
  • City: Kayseri
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.246


In Israel, concepts of secularity and religiousness, relationships between the secular part and the part with high religious sensitivity, conflicts in regard to social life, rules and laws on the basis religious and secular worldviews, values and principles in this regard are subject to and deserve special attention both due to similar topics in other countries and due to uniqueness of Israel in this topic. Though the religious part of the society in Israel represent relatively small part in percentage, it has been divided in itself as religious and political views strongly differ and sometimes from time to time: in early years of the State of Israel and in following decades, religious parties in Israel were represented in the government in coalition with leftists, while later they began to build coalitions with rightists. Furthermore, they have since played an important role in adopting rules and laws (for example, one that exempts orthodox Jews from military service that is mandatory in Israel) that based on religious principles. Such conditions show that the secular-religious relationships in Israel should be researched from different viewpoints. Established in 1956 and abolished in 2008, MAFDAL Party declared its principles as living in the "Democratic Jewish State" and "Adopting lifestyle based on Torah in the Land of İsrael", while another religious party - SHAS defends religious rules, theocratic legislation and lifestyle based on Sephardic interpretation, conservativeness and Zionism.