Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl subsp. bartschii (O.E. Schulz) C. Vural comb. & stat. nov., previously regarded as a species, is proposed based on the morphological and pollen characteristics. A detailed description is given on the basis of new material from the type locality. The taxon is endemic to central Anatolia, Turkey. A key to the Turkish subspecies of Descurainia sophia is provided.