Drought Resistance of Warm-season Turfgrasses Grown in Mediterranean Region of Turkey


Severmutlu S., MUTLU N., Gurbuz E., GÜLŞEN O. , Hocagil M., KARAGÜZEL O., ...Daha Fazla

HORTTECHNOLOGY, cilt.21, ss.726-736, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 21 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Dergi Adı: HORTTECHNOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.726-736

Özet

There is a dearth of information about turfgrass drought resistance and adaptation in the Mediterranean region of Turkey. Turfgrass managers in this region need this information to help them make informed decisions regarding turfgrass selection and management. This research was conducted to assess the drought resistance of bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon), buffalograss (Buchloe dactyloides), bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum), seashore paspalum (Paspalum vaginatum), zoysiagrass (Zoysia japonica), centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides), and tall fescue (Lolium arundinaceum) under Mediterranean conditions of Turkey. The study was conducted at two locations, Antalya and Mersin, and was repeated in 2006 and 2007 at both locations. One year after establishment, the turfs were subjected to drought stress for 90 days, which was followed by resumption of irrigation for recovery of the turf. Percentage leaf firing, turfgrass quality, and percent green shoot recovery were recorded. There were inter and intraspecies differences detected for percentage leaf firing and shoot recovery. Bermudagrass, bahiagrass, and buffalograss exhibited superior drought resistance as demonstrated by lower leaf firing and better shoot recovery values when compared with other species studied. Centipedegrass and zoysiagrass demonstrated a high leaf firing and very poor shoot recovery, whereas zoysiagrass and tall fescue were unable to recover from the drought stress in the sandy soil. Results showed that 'SWI-1045' (Contessa (R)) and 'SWI-1044' bermudagrass and 'Cody' buffalograss possessed superior drought resistance with acceptable turfgxass quality up to 30 days under drought stress that can be used for water-efficient turf management under the Mediterranean environment.