This study was carry out to determine insect fauna and their distributions in vineyards in Cappadocia (Kayseri and Nevsehir provinces) in Turkey during the years 2012-2013. Surveys were made at least one time in a week and in irregular form between May and October which of vegatation time for grapes. At the end of study, 127 insect species belonging to 37 families from 6 ordo were determined. In addition, 14 insects could be identified at genus level and 1 insect at subfamily level. It was determined that 80 species were phytophagous and 35 species were entomophagous of these insects. Also, 12 ant species were found in the study. In the literature, no information has been found on the fact that most phytophagous species obtained are grape pests. However, the species belong to Aphididae, Cicadellidae and Tortricidae families are important pests of grapes. Especially, Lobesia botrana (Denis schiffermuller, 1775) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and some Cicadellidae species such as Arboridia adanae (Dlabola, 1957) (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) are key pests of vineyards in the region.