In silico and in vitro evaluation of the antimicrobial potential of bacillus cereus isolated from apis dorsata gut against neisseria gonorrhoeae

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Niode N. J., Adji A., Rimbing J., Tulung M., Alorabi M., El-Shehawi A. M., ...More

Antibiotics, vol.10, no.11, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/antibiotics10111401
  • Journal Name: Antibiotics
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: lipopeptide, Apis dorsata, Bacillus cereus, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, insect gut, antimicrobial activity, LACTIC-ACID BACTERIA, DRUG DISCOVERY, FORCE-FIELD, HONEY, PROTEIN, DIVERSITY, CHLAMYDIA, PEPTIDES, SUSCEPTIBILITY, LIPOPEPTIDE
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.Antimicrobial resistance is a major public health and development concern on a global scale. The increasing resistance of the pathogenic bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae to antibiotics necessitates efforts to identify potential alternative antibiotics from nature, including insects, which are already recognized as a source of natural antibiotics by the scientific community. This study aimed to determine the potential of components of gut-associated bacteria isolated from Apis dorsata, an Asian giant honeybee, as an antibacterial against N. gonorrhoeae by in vitro and in silico methods as an initial process in the stage of new drug discovery. The identified gut-associated bacteria of A. dorsata included Acinetobacter indicus and Bacillus cereus with 100% identity to referenced bacteria from GenBank. Cell-free culture supernatants (CFCS) of B. cereus had a very strong antibacterial activity against N. gonorrhoeae in an in vitro antibacterial testing. Meanwhile, molecular docking revealed that antimicrobial lipopeptides from B. cereus (surfactin, fengycin, and iturin A) had a comparable value of binding-free energy (BFE) with the target protein receptor for N. gonorrhoeae, namely penicillin-binding protein (PBP) 1 and PBP2 when compared with the ceftriaxone, cefixime, and doxycycline. The molecular dynamics simulation (MDS) study revealed that the surfactin remains stable at the active site of PBP2 despite the alteration of the H-bond and hydrophobic interactions. According to this finding, surfactin has the greatest antibacterial potential against PBP2 of N. gonorrhoeae.