A vortex-assisted liquid-liquid microextraction method coupled to micro-sample injection flame atomic absorption spectrometry for cadmium (Cd) determination in water samples, phenomena was established through phase separation of ionic surfactant in aqueous samples. The ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate [C4MIM][PF6] was used as an extractant, while using Triton X-114 as dispersing medium. The chelate of Cd with ammonium pyrrolidinedithio-carbamate (APDC) was extracted into the fine droplets. The main factors affecting the recovery values of Cd, such as [C4MIM][PF6], pH, TX-114, concentration of APDC, centrifugation time and rate were investigated in detail. At optimum experimental values of significant variables, preconcentration factor of 20 was obtained. The validity of developed method was checked by Cd determination in certified reference material of water (TMDA-54.4 fortified lake water) and the results were found good agreement with the certified values. The relative standard deviation was 4.2% for 100 mu g Cd/L. The method was applied satisfactorily for the preconcentration of Cd in real samples.