Development of Collaterals in Intermittent and Permanent Ischemia of the Liver*


hpb surgery, vol.10, no.2, pp.35-40, 1993 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 1993
  • Title of Journal : hpb surgery
  • Page Numbers: pp.35-40


The ischemia caused by hepatic dearterialization as therapy for hepatic malignancies is transient because of the rapid formation of collaterals. In order to prevent this transient repeated ischemia has been suggested. An experimental study was planned to compare the collateral occurrence in persistent ischemia and transient repeated ischeamia of the liver. Fourteen dogs (seven persistent ischemia, seven transient repeated ischemia) were used in this study. Hepatic dearterialization were performed in both groups. In the first group (persistent ischemia), the hepatic artery was ligated proximal to the gastroduodenal artery. In the second group (transient repeated ischemia), the hepatic artery was occluded externally in the same region as the first group by means of a device modified from 8 guage Foley catheter and after occlusion for one hour it was reopened. Occlusions were repeated twice in a day. Five dogs in the first group and six dogs in the second group completed a three weeks ischemia period and angiography were then performed in all. The dogs were sacrificed after the angiography and examined for possible abscess formation, arterial thrombosis, peritoneal adhesions and liver necrosis. After angiography, the two groups were also examined for collateral occurrence. Only one collateral occurred in the transient repeated ischemia group, but in the persistent ischemia group, collaterals occurred in all dogs. This difference between two groups is statistically significant (Fischer Absolute Chi Square Test, p=0.013). Transient repeated ischemia is superior to persistent ischemia because of fewer collaterals, but in practise, total dearterialization of the liver is impossible. KEY WORDS: Ischemia liver intermittent ischemia