Roles of Bacillus megaterium in Remediation of Boron, Lead, and Cadmium from Contaminated Soil

ESRİNGÜ A., Turan M., GÜNEŞ A. , Karaman M. R.

COMMUNICATIONS IN SOIL SCIENCE AND PLANT ANALYSIS, cilt.45, sa.13, ss.1741-1759, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 45 Konu: 13
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/00103624.2013.875194
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1741-1759


Phytoremediation is an attractive, economical alternative to soil removal and burial methods to remediate contaminated soil. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of adding different rates of Bacillus megaterium on the capacity of Brassica napus plants to take up boron (B), lead (Pb), and cadmium (Cd) from polluted soils under field conditions. Field experiments were conducted using a randomized complete block design with control (without pollution and B. megaterium application) and B, Pb, and Cd in two doses (0 and 100 mg kg(-1)), B. megaterium with four doses (no application and 10(8) cfu B. megaterium ml(-1) sprayed at 50 ml plot(-1), 100 ml plot(-1), 150 ml plot(-1)). Results indicated that soil pollution treatments significantly decreased seed (SDMY), shoot (SHDMY), root (RDMY), and total dry-matter yield (TDMY) of plants at 42.9, 3.8, 62.6, and 23.4% for B-polluted treatment; 25.8, 8.7, 17.6, and 14.2% for Pb-polluted treatment; and 33.2, 7.0, 14.0, and 16.4% for Cd-treatment without B. megaterium application, respectively. However, the application of B. megaterium ameliorated the negative effects of B, Pb, and Cd at 41.4, 52.7, and 10.9% for B; 24.4, 21.6, and 4.9% for Pb; and 22.8, 22.0, and 3.3% for Cd, respectively. The potentially bioavailable and relatively available fraction of soil B, Pb, and Cd increased with increases in the B. megaterium application but total fraction and stable fraction decreased. It is concluded that the seed and shoot parts of B. napus can be used as hyperaccumulators for plant B, Pb, and Cd remediation according to remediation factors but the shoot is the biggest part of the plant, and thus an important portion of the plant to remove B, Pb, and Cd from the B-, Pb-, and Cd-contaminated soils. To decrease desired concentration for 8 mg B kg(-1), 4 mg Pb kg(-1), and 3 mg Cd kg(-1) in the active rooting zone of soil, approximately 2, 6, and 21 years would be necessary with only 150 ml plot(-1)B. megaterium-sprayed soil cultivated with B. napus, respectively.