Research

ELECTROCHEMISTRY

Electrochemistry covers resources that deal with the chemical changes produced by electricity and the generation of electricity by chemical reactions. Applications include dry cells, lead plate, storage batteries, electroplating, electrodeposition (electrolysis), purification of copper, production of aluminum, fuel cells, and corrosion of metals.

MATERIALS SCIENCE, CHARACTERIZATION & TESTING

Materials Science, Characterization & Testing covers resources that focus on techniques used to evaluate and test materials. These techniques include nondestructive testing, diffraction analysis, electron microscopy, electron spectroscopy, ion beam analysis, mechanical testing, optical characterization, and scanning tunneling microscopy.

ENERGY & FUELS

Energy & Fuels covers resources on the development, production, use, application, conversion, and management of nonrenewable (combustible) fuels (such as wood, coal, petroleum, and gas) and renewable energy sources (solar, wind, biomass, geothermal, hydroelectric). Note: Resources dealing with nuclear energy and nuclear technology appear in the NUCLEAR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY category.

ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL

Engineering, Chemical covers resources that discuss the chemical conversion of raw materials into a variety of products. This category includes resources that deal with the design and operation of efficient and cost-effective plants and equipment for the production of the various end products.

THERMODYNAMICS

Thermodynamics includes resources that focus on the areas of physics examining the transformations of matter and energy in physical and chemical processes, particularly those processes that involve the transfer of heat and changes in temperature. Relevant topics in this category include cooling and heating systems, cryogenics, refrigeration, combustion, energy conversion, and thermal stresses.