Neutronic analysis of an inertial fusion energy breeder with SiCf/SiC

Yapici H., Ozceyhan V.

ANNALS OF NUCLEAR ENERGY, vol.29, no.12, pp.1389-1401, 2002 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2002
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0306-4549(01)00116-5
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1389-1401
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


Neutronic performance of a blanket driven ICF (Inertial confinement fusion) neutron based on SiCf/SiC composite material is investigated for fissile fuel breeding. The investigated blanket is fueled with ThO2 and cooled with natural lithium or (LiF)(2)BeF2 or Li17Pb83 or He-4 coolant. MCNP4B Code is used for calculations of neutronic data per DT neutron. Calculations have show that values of TBR (tritium breeding ratio) being one of the main neutronic paremeters of fusion reactors are greater than 1.05 in all type of coolant, and the breeder hybrid reactor is self-sufficient in the tritium required for the DT fusion driver. Calculations show that natural lithium coolant blanket has the highest TBR (1.298) and NI (fusion energy multiplication) (2.235), Li17Pb83 coolant blanket has the highest FFBR (fissile fuel breeding ratio) (0,3489) and NNM (net neutron multiplication) (1.6337). 4He coolant blanket has also the best Gamma (peek-to-average fission power density ratio) (1.711). Values of neutron leakage out of the blanket in all type of coolants are quite low due to SiC reflector and B4C shielding. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.