Effect of ratios of dopant contents on the electrical conductivity of Bi2O3 ceramics co-doped with some rare earth oxides


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Balcı M., Saatci B., Turk H., Ari M.

MATERIALS TODAY COMMUNICATIONS, vol.33, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.mtcomm.2022.104542
  • Journal Name: MATERIALS TODAY COMMUNICATIONS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Compendex, INSPEC
  • Keywords: Phase transition, Order-disorder transition, Activation energy, X-ray diffraction, Cation polarizability, BISMUTH OXIDE, FUEL-CELL, TEMPERATURE, ELECTROLYTE, PHASE, PERFORMANCE, FABRICATION, STABILITY, NANOPARTICLES, OPERATION
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

In this study, Bi2O3???based ceramic powders co???doped with differing quantities of Dy2O3, Sm2O3, Ho2O3, and CeO2 rare earth oxides have been synthesized using the solid state reactions under atmospheric conditions. The XRD patterns revealed that the Dy???rich samples were more effective in stabilizing the cubic 6???phase than the others. The DTA curve of sample S1 (5%Dy: 5%Sm: 5%Ho: 5%Ce) had an endothermic peak at approximately 730 ??C, indicating a phase transition from monoclinic ?????phase to cubic 6???phase. The conductivity measurements show that sample S11 (10%Dy: 5%Sm: 5%Ho: 5%Ce) had the highest electrical conductivity among cubic 6???phase stabilized samples with 0.027 S/cm at 700 ??C. The dopant content ratios, as well as concentration, had a significant impact on electrical conductivity and phase stabilization. According to the SEM images, the grain sizes were not uniform across the surface and decreased as the dopant concentration increased. The EDX pattern of sample S1 verified the presence of all elements in compositions with different peak locations on the pattern and the absence of any peaks indicating impurities.