Determination of Optimum Carbon Content of LiFePO4 Cathode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries

Goektepe H., Sahan H., PATAT Ş.

ASIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, vol.21, no.4, pp.3186-3192, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.3186-3192
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


In order to optimize carbon content on LiFePO4/C, six samples were synthesized. The samples of LiFePO4/C were synthesized with the addition of 12.5, 25, 40, 50, 70 and 100 % wt. of white sugar as carbon precursor. The amount of carbon in synthesized samples were found to be 2, 4.5, 7, 10, 12 and 17 % wt., respectively. It is found that in this synthesis condition, ca. 17 % of the white sugar converted to carbon. All samples were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), differancial thermal analysis/thermal gravimetry DTA/TG and electrochemical properties of composite cathodes were investigated. The particle size of the powders which calcined at 700 degrees C for 10 h is about 1-2 mu m. The electrochemical results showed that, the LiFePO4/C (carbon content was 10 % wt.) cathode material delivers the first discharge capacity of 154 mAh g(-1), i.e. 91 % of the theoretical capacity (0, 1 C-rate) between 2.5 and 4.5 V (vs. Li/Li+).