Cutoff values for bacteria and leukocytes for urine sediment analyzer FUS200 in culture-positive urinary-tract infections


Kocer D., Sariguzel F., Karakukcu Ç.

SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL & LABORATORY INVESTIGATION, vol.74, no.5, pp.414-417, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 74 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.3109/00365513.2014.900189
  • Journal Name: SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL & LABORATORY INVESTIGATION
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.414-417
  • Keywords: FUS200, urinalysis, analytic performance, urine culture, FLOW CYTOMETER, SYSMEX UF-1000I, PERFORMANCE, DIAGNOSIS
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: No

Abstract

The microscopic analysis of urine is essential for the diagnosis of patients with urinary tract infections. Quantitative urine culture is the 'gold standard' method for definitive diagnosis of urinary-tract infections, but it is labor-intensive, time consuming, and does not provide the same-day results. The aim of this study was to evaluate the analytical and diagnostic performance of the FUS200 (Changchun Dirui Industry, China), a new urine sedimentation analyzer in comparison to urine culture as the reference method. Methods. We evaluated 1000 urine samples, submitted for culture and urine analysis with a preliminary diagnosis of urinary-tract infection. Cut-off values for the FUS200 were determined by comparing the results with urine cultures. The cut-off values by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve technique, sensitivity, and specificity were calculated for bacteria and white blood cells (WBCs). Results. Among the 1000 urine specimens submitted for culture, 637 cultures (63.7%) were negative, and 363 were (36.3%) positive. The best cut-off values obtained from ROC analysis were 16/mu L for bacteriuria (sensitivity: 82.3%, specifi city: 58%), and 34/mu L for WBCs (sensitivity: 72.3%, specifi city: 65.2%). The area under the curve (AUC) for the bacteria and WBCs count were 0.71 (95% CI: 0.67-0.74) and, 0.72 (95% CI: 0.69-0.76) respectively. Conclusions. The most important requirement of a rapid diagnostic screening test is sensitivity, and, in this perspective, an unsatisfactory sensitivity by using bacteria recognition and quantification performed by the FUS200 analyzer has been observed. After further technical improvements in particle recognition and laboratory personnel training, the FUS200 might show better results.