Thermal and electrical conductivities of Cd-Zn alloys

Saatci B., Ari M., Gunduz M., Meydaneri F., Bozoklu M., Durmus S.

JOURNAL OF PHYSICS-CONDENSED MATTER, vol.18, no.47, pp.10643-10653, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


The composition and temperature dependences of the thermal and electrical conductivities of three different Cd-Zn alloys have been investigated in the temperature range of 300-650 K. Thermal conductivities of the Cd-Zn alloys have been determined by using the radial heat flow method. It has been found that the thermal conductivity decreases slightly with increasing temperature and the data of thermal conductivity are shifting together to the higher values with increasing Cd composition. In addition, the electrical measurements were determined by using a standard DC four-point probe technique. The resistivity increases linearly and the electrical conductivity decreases exponentially with increasing temperature. The resistivity and electrical conductivity are independent of composition of Cd and Zn. Also, the temperature coefficient of Cd-Zn alloys has been determined, which is independent of composition of Cd and Zn. Finally, Lorenz number has been calculated using the thermal and electrical conductivity values at 373 and 533 K. The results satisfy the Wiedemann-Franz (WF) relation at T < 373 K, which suggests the dominant carriers of thermal conduction are mainly electrons. Above this temperature (T > 373 K), the WF relation could not hold and the phonon component contribution of thermal conductivity dominates the thermal conduction.