Turkiye Klinikleri Jinekoloji Obstetrik, vol.25, no.2, pp.92-98, 2015 (Scopus)
Copyright © 2015 by Türkiye Klinikleri.Objective: Threatened abortion (TA) is a fairly common complication in early pregnancy and is a leading cause of maternal hospitalisation during pregnancy. Understanding the emotional impact, psychological aspects and psychiatric consequences of this fairly common complication of early pregnancy is therefore an important contribution to obstetric care and public health. Hovewer, prospective case-controlled studies specific to anxiety and depression disorders in patients with TA are very limited. The aim of this prospective case-control study was to investigate the possible relationship between anxiety, depression and TA and compare the prevalence of anxiety and depression levels in pregnant women complicated with and without TA. Material and Methods: A prospective study was conducted between September 2013 and August 2014. A total of 94 consecutive women with TA who were hospitalized and 120 healthy pregnant women without any signs and symptoms of miscarriage, were included in the study. Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were administered to patients during the psychiatric interview. Results: The mean BAI scores in TA study and healthy control groups were 18.90±10.52 and 8.24±5.24, respectively (p<0.001). The mean BDI scores in TA study and healthy control groups were 18.07±8.49 and 7.47±6.22, respectively (p<0.001). Conclusion: The findings of this study indicated a potential link between TA and anxiety and depression disorders. Therefore, patients with TA during pregnancy should be evaluated in terms of anxiety and depression disorders as much as their medical conditions. Medical professionals should be sensitive to psychological consequences of TA.