The efficacy of mesenchymal stem cell treatment and colistin-fosfomycin combination on colistin-resistant <i>Acinetobacter baumannii</i> sepsis model

Izci F., TÜRE YÜCE Z., DİNÇ G., YAY A. H., Eren E. E., Bolat D., ...More



Introduction This study examines the role of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in an experimental sepsis model developed with colistin-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB).Materials and methods BALB-c mice were divided into treatment groups (MSC, MSC + colistin (C)-fosfomycin (F), and C-F and control groups (positive and negative)). CRAB was administered to mice through intraperitoneal injection. Three hours later, C, F, and MSC were given intraperitoneally to the treatment groups. Colistin administration was repeated every 12 h, F administration was done every 4 h, and the second dose of MSC was administered after 48 h. Mice were sacrificed at 24 and 72 h. The bacterial load was determined as colony-forming units per gram (cfu/g). Histopathological examination was conducted on the left lung, liver, and both kidneys. IL-6 and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in mouse sera were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results Among the treatment groups, the C-F group had the lowest colony count in the lung (1.24 +/- 1.66 cfu/g) and liver (1.03 +/- 1.08 cfu/g). The highest bacterial clearance was observed at 72 h compared to 24 h in the MSC-treated groups (p = 0.008). The MSC + C-F group showed the lowest histopathological score in the liver and kidney (p = 0.009). In the negative control group, the IL-6 level at the 24th hour was the lowest (p < 0.001). Among the treatment groups, the CRP level was the lowest in the MSC + C-F group at 24 and 72 h.Conclusion In a CRAB sepsis model, adding MSCs to a colistin-fosfomycin treatment may be beneficial in terms of reducing bacterial loads and preventing histopathological damage.