Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology, vol.135, no.1, pp.136-146, 2023 (SCI-Expanded)
© 2022 Elsevier Inc.Objectives: The study aimed to investigate the mandible and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) who had no signs or symptoms of TMJ-related disease and compare them with a control group. Study Design: In total, 128 panoramic radiographs (63 patients with AS, 65 controls) were evaluated. Fractal analysis was conducted on the mandibular condyle (ROI1), angle of the mandible (ROI2), and the area adjacent to the mental foramen (ROI3). Articular eminence inclination (AEI) values were measured. Klemetti index (KI) evaluation of the mandibular cortex was also performed. Results: Fractal dimension (FD) values were significantly lower in the patients with AS than the controls in ROI1 and ROI2 (P =.001), but there were no significant differences between groups for FD in ROI3, AEI, or KI (P ≥.09). No significant differences were found in any parameters between patients with AS with different disease durations (P ≥.06). Conclusions: Patients with AS displayed significantly lower FD values in condyles and the angle of the mandible and slightly lower AEI values; therefore, they should be examined routinely for TMJ disorders. Clinicians should be aware of the possibility of secondary osteoporosis in patients with AS and consider its probable effects on the mandible.