Identification, molecular characterization, and antifungal susceptibility of Cyberlindnera fabianii strains isolated from urinary tract


MUTLU SARIGÜZEL F., Unuvar G. K., KÜÇÜKOĞLU O., PARKAN Ö. M., KOÇ A. N.

Journal of Medical Mycology, vol.33, no.4, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.mycmed.2023.101429
  • Journal Name: Journal of Medical Mycology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, PASCAL, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Antifungal susceptibility, Candida utilis, Cyberlindnera fabianii, MALDI-TOF MS, Phylogenetic analysis, Sequence analysis
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objectives: Cyberlindnera fabianii is an opportunistic pathogen isolated from clinical specimens. It can be incorrectly identified as Candida utulis by phenotypic methods. This study aimed to accurately identify Cy.fabianii strains isolated from the urinary tract, and to determine their molecular characterization and antifungal susceptibilities as well. Methods: Twenty-nine yeast strains isolated from urinary tract samples were studied. Strains were identified by phenotypically, sequence analysis and MALDI-TOF MS. Sequence analysis using different gene regions (ITS1-2,D1/D2,EF-1-alpha) in ribosomal DNA was performed for the molecular analysis. Phylogenetic analysis was done by the neighbor-joining method. Antifungal susceptibilities of strains were determined for nine antifungals by reference broth microdilution and the Sensititre YeastOne broth microdilution method (SensititreTMYeastOneTMAST Plate, Thermo Fisher Scientific™,USA) according to CLSI M60-Ed2 recommendations. Results: All strains were identified as C.utulis phenotypically by conventional methods, however all strains were identified as Cy.fabianii by sequence analysis and MALDI-TOF MS. It was observed that the gene regions examined in terms of determining evolutionary relatedness did not show intraspecies nucleotide variations. In all strains, the MIC50/MIC90 values for fluconazole were higher than the other antifungals tested. Conclusion: Cy.fabianii should be considered in fluconazole-resistant urinary tract yeast infections. Although conventional phenotypical methods were insufficient to identify Cy.fabianii, it could be correctly identified with sequence analysis using different gene regions (ITS1-2,D1/D2,EF-1-alpha) in ribosomal DNA and MALDI-TOF MS.