Synthesis and characterization of Pd nanoparticle-modified magnetic Sm2O3-ZrO2 as effective multifunctional catalyst for reduction of 2-nitrophenol and degradation of organic dyes


YILMAZ E., TUT Y., TÜRKOĞLU O., SOYLAK M.

JOURNAL OF THE IRANIAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, vol.15, no.8, pp.1721-1731, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s13738-018-1369-0
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF THE IRANIAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1721-1731
  • Keywords: Magnetic catalyst, Metal oxides, Palladium nanoparticles, Reduction of 2-nitrophenol, Degradation, Rhodamine B, Methylene blue, METHYLENE-BLUE, GREEN SYNTHESIS, RHODAMINE-B, PHOTOCATALYTIC DEGRADATION, BINARY-SYSTEM, PHASE, CU, NANOCOMPOSITES, ADSORPTION, OZONATION
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

In this study, Pd nanoparticle-modified magnetic Sm2O3-ZrO2 material (Pd-Fe3O4-Sm2O3-ZrO2) as multifunctional catalyst was fabricated and used for catalytic reduction of 2-nitrophenol compound, degradation of methylene blue and rhodamine B dyes, which are toxic pollutants. The magnetic material was used for the first time as a catalyst for the reduction and degradation studies. Pd nanoparticle-modified magnetic Sm2O3-ZrO2 catalyst was prepared using the deposition-precipitation methods and were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, atomic absorption spectrometry, Raman spectroscopy and BET surface analyzer. The Pd nanoparticle-modified magnetic Sm2O3-ZrO2 material can lead to high catalytic activity for the reduction of 2-nitrophenol and degradation of rhodamine B and methylene blue with > 95% conversion within similar to 2 and 80 s even when the content of Pd in it is as low as 5.8 wt%.