## Effect of Abrasive Type on the Surface Roughness and MRR in MAF of AISI 304 Steel

Surface Review And Letters, vol.2021, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI)

• Publication Type: Article / Article
• Volume: 2021
• Publication Date: 2021
• Doi Number: 10.1142/s0218625x21501225
• Title of Journal : Surface Review And Letters

#### Abstract

In this study, the effects of experimental parameters on average surface roughness and material removal rate (MRR) were experimentally investigated by machining of AISI 304 stainless steel plates by magnetic abrasive finishing (MAF) method. In the study in which three different abrasive types were used (Al2O3, B4C, SiC), the abrasive grain size was changed in two different levels (50 and 80$\mu$m), while the machining time was changed in three different levels (30, 45, 60$\phantom{\rule{.17em}{0ex}}$min). Surface roughness values of finished surfaces were measured by using three-dimensional (3D) optical surface profilometer and surface topographies were created. MRRs were measured with the help of precision scales. The abrasive particles’ condition before and after the MAF process was examined and compared using a scanning electron microscope. As a result of the study, the surface roughness values of plates were reduced from 0.106$\phantom{\rule{.17em}{0ex}}$$\mu$m to 0.028$\phantom{\rule{.17em}{0ex}}$$\mu$m. It was determined that the best parameters in terms of average surface roughness were 60$\phantom{\rule{.17em}{0ex}}$min machining time with 50$\mu$m B4C abrasives, while the best result in terms of MRR was taken in 30$\phantom{\rule{.17em}{0ex}}$min with 50$\mu$m SiC abrasives.