3. Uluslararası Sağlık Bilimleri Kongresi, Ankara, Turkey, 29 November - 01 December 2018, pp.1001-1020
Introduction: The aim of this study is to investigate the general health profile of patients presenting to a dietary clinic.
Method: The study was carried out on 76 patients (15 male, 61 female, 19 years old and over 19 years old) who admitted to the adult dietary clinic of Ankara University İbni Sina Hospital between November and December 2017. After obtaining permission from the Presidency of Ankara University Rectorate Ethics Committee, the questionnaire form prepared by the researchers was applied to the patients by face-to-face interview method. The short form of the International Physical Activity Form (IPAQ) was used to question the physical activity status. Obtained data were evaluated by using IBM SPSS 25.0 statistical package program.
Results: The mean age of the patients was 49,7±13,3 years and 43,4% was primary school graduates. 40,0% of men are retired and 77,0% of women are housewives. 28,9% of the patients participated in the study smoked, 11,8% consumed alcohol. 36,8% of the patients
were mildly obese and 52,6% were obese. While 32,8% of women receive slimming or type 2 diabetes diet, 33,3% of men receive type 2 diabetes diet and 26,7% have hyperlipidaemia diet. There was a significant difference between diets of patients according to gender (p<0,05). The mean HDL-cholesterol level was 40,8±10,3 mg/dL in males and 48,5±9,7 mg/dL in females (p<0,05). There was no significant difference in total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and triglyceride values between males and females (p>0,05). The average neck circumference of the males was 40,9±3,7 cm and the females were 36,5±3,3 cm (p<0,05). The mean IPAQ of men was 1393,7±2441,4 MET-min/week, and in women 1003,8±1231,7 MET-min/week (p<0,05). 60,0% of males and 53,9% of females do not perform physical activity. There was a significant difference between the HDL-cholesterol distribution of the patients according to their physical activity (p<0,05). Positive correlations were found between the bread and cereal group body weight (r=0,266, p<0,05) and BMI (r=0,277, p<0,05). A statistically significant relationship was found between age and fasting blood glucose (r=0,261, p<0,05).
Conclusion: As dietary chronic diseases of diabetic patients are multifactorial, all risk factors should be evaluated together and individual demographics, blood findings, anthropometric measurements should be evaluated individually and individualized diets should be prepared and the continuity of diet should be ensured by routine controls.
Keywords: diet polyclinics, eating habits, lifestyle habits