Low-voltage textile-based wearable heater systems fabricated by printing reactive silver inks

Gozutok Z., Agirbas O., Bahtiyari M. İ., Ozdemir A. T.

Sensors and Actuators, A: Physical, vol.322, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 322
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.sna.2021.112610
  • Journal Name: Sensors and Actuators, A: Physical
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Electric conductive textiles, Printed electronics, Fabric heater, Inkjet printing, Reactive silver ink
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


© 2021 Elsevier B.V.The usage areas of textile materials are expanding day by day and provide different comfort features to the user. In this study, it was focused on designing a fabric with heating feature. By the help of printing particle-free silver inks on textiles, a low-voltage and light-weight fabric heater was produced in wearable form using a low-cost fabrication process. To test the heating properties of the produced fabrics, a computer controlled electronic circuit was designed and implemented. The results proved that the heater designed in this work shows a very good heating performance with low voltage levels, after reaching 55 °C in a short time (<10 s). The heating and cooling patterns exhibit very similar behavior. Moreover, the fabrics with the conductive printed electrodes show durable and robust heating performance in different shapes and voltage levels. One of the most important advantages of this fabric heater is safety, based on the low voltage operation and faster cooling than heating. In addition, this fabric heater has the advantage of being able to be raised to high temperatures with low potential differences.