9th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SUSTAINABLEENERGYAND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, Kayseri, Turkey, 22 - 25 September 2016, vol.9, no.9, pp.569
Modernization, population and developing of technology have been increased energy demand, which especially residential, industrial and transportation field all over the world. Substantially, liquid fuels have been used which was 93.86 million barrels per day in 2015 years for transportation vehicles on account of engine technology and fuel supply. Enormous consumption of fossil fuels have been not only caused various health and environmental problems but also accelerated to running out of petrol resources. Thus, many researchers and sciences have focused on alternative fuels due to the decrease of negative impacts and dependence on fossil-based fuels. In this respect, biofuels occurred as an alternative to fossil-based fuel has reached up 1.212 trillion liters, especially biodiesel and ethanol, amounts of consumption all over the world in the last decades. Turkey is dominantly import energy requirements neighboring countries such as Iran, Iraq and Russia. However, regional wars and chaos have been caused by fluctuating oil prices. Therefore, Turkey has to find out domestic alternative fuels in order to sustain economic grown and reduce foreign dependency. In this regard, biodiesel and ethanol are promising alternative biofuels in the transportation and industrial sector. In this study, a brief review has been studied about alternative biofuels feedstocks such as crops, vegetable oil seed, the product of waste oil and other biofuel sources status in Turkey past, current status and future perspective.
Keywords: Alternative Fuels, Feedstock of Biofuels, Biodiesel, Turkey, World