Efficacy of different irrigation agitation systems in the removal of root canal sealers from artificial standardised grooves


Australian Endodontic Journal, vol.49, no.S1, pp.339-344, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 49 Issue: S1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/aej.12741
  • Journal Name: Australian Endodontic Journal
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.339-344
  • Keywords: apical groove, calcium-silicate-based sealer, irrigation systems, ultrasonic irrigant agitation
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes


The present study aims to assess the efficacy of different irrigation agitation systems in removing calcium silicate-based sealers from artificial standardised apical grooves. After the root canal instrumentation of 96 teeth, artificial apical grooves were created in half of each root. The samples were divided into two main groups according to the sealer type (AH Plus Jet [APJ] and Sure-Seal Root™ [SSR]) (n = 48). The root halves were then reassembled and divided into four experimental groups based on the final irrigation technique used: Conventional Syringe Irrigation (CSI), Ultrasonic Irrigant Agitation (UIA), Sonic Agitation (SA) and Manual Dynamic Agitation (MDA). The roots were then dissembled to assess the amount of root canal sealer. UIA significantly removed more of SSR sealer than CSI, MDA and SA while there was no statistical difference between CSI, MDA, SA and UIA groups in the APJ group. None of the irrigation agitation systems used had completely removed the APJ and SSR sealers. However, UIA was more effective in removing SSR sealer from the standardised apical groove than were CSI, MDA and SA.