Controlled nanocrystallinity in Gd nanobowls leads to magnetization of 226 emu/g

Ertas Y. N. , Bouchard L. -.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, vol.121, no.9, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 121 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1063/1.4977511
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: No


Gadolinium (Gd) metal is of great interest in applications such as contrast-enhanced MRI and magnetic cooling. However, it is generally difficult to produce oxide-free and highly magnetic Gd nanoparticles due to the aggressively reactive nature of Gd with oxygen. Herein, we utilized a nanofabrication route and optimization of experimental conditions to produce highly magnetic airstable oxide-free Gd nanoparticles. The nanobowls displayed the highest saturation magnetization to date for Gd, reaching 226.4 emu/g at 2K. The crystalline composition of Gd is found to affect the observed magnetization values: the higher magnetization is observed for nanoparticles that have a lower content of the paramagnetic face-centered cubic (fcc) phase and a greater content of the ferromagnetic hexagonal close-packed (hcp) phase. The relative fcc content was found to depend on the deposition rate of the Gd metal during the nanofabrication process, thereby correlating with altered magnetization. Published by AIP Publishing.