Cryptococcal meningitis in a non-HIV patient with solid organ transplantation


Ugur M., Cetin S., Uzunoglu E., Saglam M., MUTLU SARIGÜZEL F., KOÇ A. N.

Journal of Medical Mycology, vol.33, no.3, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.mycmed.2023.101388
  • Journal Name: Journal of Medical Mycology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, PASCAL, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Cryptococcal meningitis, Non-HIV patient, Solid organ transplantation
  • Erciyes University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) is often associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Recently, this microorganism has been increasingly identified in HIV-negative patients. CM cases are encountered in HIV-negative individuals, especially secondary to liver disease, solid organ transplantation (SOT), tuberculosis, lymphoproliferative diseases with T-cell-mediated immunological disorders, long-term corticosteroid use, malignancies, diabetes mellitus, and sarcoidosis. Our patient is an HIV-negative, SOT case with CM. It should be considered that CM can also occur in HIV-negative patients. As in our case, patients receiving long-term immunosuppressive therapy should be evaluated for CM, and renal functions should be closely monitored during treatment. There is a need for more case reports on the subject, especially in CM detected HIV-negative patients, due to the different treatment protocols and challenging clinical conditions compared to HIV-positive cases.