ULU M. (Executive), TANRIVERDİ A.
Project Supported by Higher Education Institutions, 2018 - 2020
The subject of this study is the relationship between the acculturation process and religion in Syrian refugees who came to Kayseri as a result of forced migration. For this purpose, in-depth interviews were conducted with qualitative research method.
In the study, which uses phenomenological research method, maximum diversity sampling, which is one of the sub-strategies of purposive sampling technique, and snowball sampling strategies were used to reach richer data content. In line with the sample strategies in question, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 23 Syrian participants living in Kayseri.
As result of the research, it is seen that the participants who know Turkish and who are in contact with the Turks are more oriented towards integration strategy in acculturation, the participants establish positive relations with the people of Kayseri in general and this situation contributes to the cultural adaptation. It was understood that the conservative structure of the city had a positive effect on establishing positive communication with the people of Kayseri and providing cultural adaptation to Kayseri. It was observed that the participants were exposed to very traumatic experiences in both the war and the migration processes and this has the potential to complicate the cultural adaptation process. In addition, a significant portion of the participants for the future they wanted to stay in Turkey, while most of the rest of Syria has even got better understood that they wanted to make the round trip between the two countries. In this regard, it was observed that the participants were carried a serious motivation to adapt and to stay in Turkey. Additionally, the most preferred strategy by the participants was the integration strategy. The most preferred strategy after the integration strategy is the separation strategy. Only one of the participants was directed to assimilation strategy and no marginalization strategy was observed.